Install kubernetes cluster using kubeadm

Hello everyone! 👋 Welcome to our step-by-step guide on using kubeadm to install Kubernetes. It’s worth noting that this method is more of a learning tool and isn’t recommended for a production environment. Let’s get into it!

First up, let’s prep our machine for this Kubernetes journey, ensuring we’re all set to hop into all nodes.

Step 1: Create a configuration file for containerd. Here’s the magic code you need:

cat <<EOF | sudo tee /etc/modules-load.d/containerd.conf

Step 2: Let’s get those modules loaded:

sudo modprobe overlay
sudo modprobe br_netfilter

Step 3: Next, we’ll set up system configurations for Kubernetes networking:

cat <<EOF | sudo tee /etc/sysctl.d/99-kubernetes-cri.conf
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 1
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 1

Apply these settings with sudo sysctl --system.

Great job so far! 😎 Now we’re onto the next steps.

Step 4: Install containerd:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install -y

Step 5: Create a default configuration file for containerd:

sudo mkdir -p /etc/containerd

And then generate a default containerd configuration:

sudo containerd config default | sudo tee /etc/containerd/config.toml

Restart containerd with sudo systemctl restart containerd and verify it’s running with sudo systemctl status containerd.

Step 6: Next, disable swap: sudo swapoff -a.

Time for some kubeadm and Kubernetes package installs.

Step 7: Install some needed packages:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install -y apt-transport-https curl

Step 8: Download and add the GPG key:

curl -s | sudo apt-key add -

Step 9: Time to add Kubernetes to your repository list:

cat <<EOF | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/kubernetes.list
deb kubernetes-xenial main

Step 10: Refresh package listings: sudo apt-get update.

Now, we’re ready to install the Kubernetes packages using kubeadm.

Step 11: Here’s how to install Kubernetes packages with kubeadm:

sudo apt-get install -y kubelet=1.27.0-00 kubeadm=1.27.0-00 kubectl=1.27.0-00

We want to keep things stable, so turn off automatic updates: sudo apt-mark hold kubelet kubeadm kubectl.

Step 12: Time to initialize the cluster with kubeadm. Do this on the control plane node:

sudo kubeadm init --pod-network-cidr --kubernetes-version 1.27.0

Step 13: Set up kubectl access:

mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

Does everything look good? Let’s check: kubectl get nodes.

Step 14: Time to install Calico Networking on the control plane node:

kubectl apply -f

Check the status of the control plane node: kubectl get nodes.

Alright, almost there!

Step 15: Let’s join the worker nodes to the cluster. Create a token and copy the kubeadm join command:

kubeadm token create --print-join-command

Paste the kubeadm join command into the worker nodes to join the cluster:

sudo kubeadm join --token 71u8rt.fs4ue7o9gcer84jr --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:23f2db254daa8fdde50e2443f77633e7b09e34d0c5438be36204f81a90c87bbc

And finally, check the cluster status back on the control plane node: kubectl get nodes.

And that’s it! Congratulations, you’ve successfully installed Kubernetes using kubeadm! Great job! 🎉 Please remember, this method is not recommended for a production environment, but it’s an excellent way to learn!

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